Indian Journal of Human Genetics
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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 27-36

Blood Groups Of The Kharwar Of Garhwa District In Palamau Division Of Bihar State, India

Correspondence Address:
N Kumar

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One hundred individuals of the Kharwar, a scheduled tribe, residing in Garhwa and Palamau districts of Bihar state, were tested for four genetic characters, namely, ABO, MNS, Rh blood group systems and the sickle-cell trait. The results indicate that the frequency of A1 phenotypes (27%) was lower than B (38%) and the frequency of Phenotyope A2 is almost negligible. In case of Rh blood groups, the frequency of R1 (CDe) was high (0.8500) whereas Rh negative (cde) gene was absent. The frequencies of R2 (cDE) and Ro (cDe) genes were found to be 0.1055 and 0.0444 respectively. Rz (CDE) allele was found to be absent. In case of MNS blood group system, Ms gene frequency was found to be the highest (0.41 74) followed by Ns frequency (0.2534) whereas frequency of MS and NS were almost similar (0.1676 and 0.1616, respectively). No case of sickling was found among the Kharwars tested for this trait. The results of the present study are compared with other tribal and non-tribal populations studied from the neighbouring area.

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